Monthly Archives: January 2011

Indigenous Tree Seedling Purchase – November 2010 Report


By Silvester Mkamaganga, Forester at Wildlife Works Carbon 13 November 2010


The Kasigau Corridor REDD project has now created an economic incentive for the landowners and communities within the corridor to protect their forest. Wildlife Works will be working with the landowners and local communities to implement forest management plans that exclude the destructive use of forest resources. In that local communities are encouraged to raise indigenous tree seedlings in their own home made nursery in different containers and will be purchased by Wildlife Works for nurturing them to the right size then they will be taken back to the communities to be planted to the degraded land, for the purpose of increase tree cover which will help to reduce forest degradation.



The objective is to purchase indigenous tree seedlings from the community farmers in which they have propagated and raise them in different containers to be taken to the nursery for nurturing them to the right size for planting program in their areas.


The purchasing of the tree seedlings commenced at Marasi area where we concentrated on the first day and purchased 6,149 tree seedlings. The other days we moved to other areas including Marungu, Bondeni, Chamani, Rukanga, Bungule, Kajire and Talio. We covered Marungu Hill Mount Kasigau and Lower Sagalla Hill. The species mix we collected include Acacia nilotica, Acacia robusta, Acacia mellifera, Balanite aegyptica, Lannea, Commifora Africana, Delanox elata and other indigenous species, In total we managed to purchase 29,043 tree seedlings. The strategy we used in seedling purchase we were moving to points of collection which were close to the road. The farmers who had tree seedlings far from the collection points, had to transport them to the nearest collection point, due to bad roads and bad terrain. It was also our mandate to assess the tree seedlings if they were ready to be purchased and transported to our tree nursery in Maungu.







This time we got a huge purchase compared to the previous ones. The highest seller emerged to Mr Mliwa with 3, 986 tree seedlings and the lowest was Mr Mwangere with 5 tree seedlings. The ones with the lowest seedlings could due to dry spell which killed most of the seedlings.

The activity went on well although there were some challenges here and there. These challenges included:

I.         Under budgeting and the nursery owners had high expectation of high sales and hence we had to apologize for the inconveniences.

II.         Some of the tree seedlings were not ready for purchasing and some of the owners were trying to force, but we had to leave them because most of them could die on the way to the nursery and hence we would have incurred a lot of loss on our side.

III.         Some roads were in very bad condition, we had to find ways of reaching the purchasing points.

IV. The duration set for collection and purchases of different areas were very short compared to the work on the ground, hence we had to extend the duration in some areas and this affected a lot on the time and energy input to the communities and they complained a lot.

We did apologize for the inconveniences we caused.



Tree seedling purchase to the community it is an important part of the Carbon project so we have to reduce as many challenges as possible to smoothen this activity. We propose that there should be some survey prior to planning and budgeting is done. We should also discourage disinformation and encourage the local communities to come for the right information from our offices. We should also set specific collection points which are practical for us and allow the more isolated areas in the Project Zone to benefit from the cash flow it brings.

The summary of the tree seedling purchase

Mr Clinton Mliwa our highest tree supplier with his son on their tree seedling stock at Marasi area with 3,986 seedlings purchased.


Supplier Locality Total tree seedlingsPer supplier
1. W.Mwikamba Marasi 1672
2. C.Mliwa Marasi 3986
3. P.John Marasi 216
4. E.Mwandigha Marasi 275
5. N.Mswahili Marasi 187
6. G.Mswahili Marasi 140
7. J.Kitatu Marasi 408
8. N.Makuto Marasi 270
9. F.Ndenge Marasi 10
10. A.Mswahili Marasi 116
11. H.John Marasi 179
12. G.Chao Marasi 36
13. J.Ngati Marasi 126
14. E.Kanyeki Marasi 287
15. Kulii Ndile Marasi 788
16. Ngonyo Boni Bondeni 462
17. M.Ng’endo Bondeni 1165
18. C.Mwakitau Marungu 38
19. C.Ali Marungu 55
20. W.Mwakina Marungu 1325
21. F.Mwadime Marungu 89
22. F.Mwakina Marungu 160
23. L.Mwakina Marungu 513
24. H.Mwakio Marungu 10
25. Kalaghe M Marungu 103
26. M.Baraka Marungu 156
27. B.Mwanyika Marungu 15
28. Mwandoe Marungu 238
29. N.Obare Marungu 36
30. G.Muru Marungu 63
31. P.Onyango Marungu 400
32. T.Shauri Marungu 717
33. C.Ngonge Marungu 262
34. J.Mrunde Rukanga 278
35. M.Machocho Rukanga 155
36. J.Zingiri Rukanga 173
37. N.Chao Rukanga 140
38. P.Hannah Rukanga 34
39. P.Wawuda Rukanga 42
40. M.Malemba Rukanga 121
41. J.Muasya Rukanga 2550
42. S.Muthini Rukanga 762
43. J.Kabaya Rukanga 252
44. C.Mwasingo Rukanga 58
45. M.Mchawia Rukanga 113
46. E.Mterengo Rukanga 86
47. E.Mwakai Rukanga 22
48. H.Paul Rukanga 661
49. N.Nyiro Rukanga 531
50. E.Nyambu Rukanga 522
51. J.Nyambu Rukanga 904
52. F.Njeghe Rukanga 65
53. P.Mwanganda Rukanga 73
54. N.Katuu Rukanga 57
55. D.Silas Rukanga 60
56. Eu.Nyambu Rukanga 54
57. M.Mwandango Rukanga 1008
58. P.Mwazaule Rukanga 28
59. R.Ngali Bungule 552
60. F.Mwamvula Bungule 1740
61. R.Wali Bungule 99
62. M.Mzee Bungule 20
63. J.Mwikamba Bungule 17
64. L.Kimani Bungule 151
65. E.Michael Bungule 130
66. C.Mwaluda Bungule 44
67. M.Bambanya Bungule 20
68. S.Kilongozi Bungule 121
69. L.Mwachia Bungule 254
70. M.Mwangeje Bungule 37
71. F.Njemu Bungule 463
72. S.Makenga Bungule 92
73. M.Mshai Bungule 19
74. T.Mwangere Bungule 5
75. I.Mzee Bungule 100
76. D.Michael Bungule 31
77. A.Mdawida Bungule 335
78. N.Mwamvula Bungule 150
79. M.Motibo Kajire 251
80. S.Mwambela Kajire 30
81. J.Mwakima Kajire 210
82. M.Mwambonu Kajire 160
83. G.Talu Talio 206
84. E.Mkamburi Talio 463
85. J.Pelu Talio 56
86. G.Mwacharo Talio 35
TOTALS 29043

Elephant Poaching on Rukinga Sanctuary

3 JANUARY 2011 – Eric Sagwe, Head Ranger

On Monday 3 January 2011 having checked into Kasigau Corridor REDD+ Project headquarters in the morning, I and my team of eight Rangers, went out on an afternoon patrol through Rukinga Sanctuary. At 3.00pm we found some footprints of three people who we tracked off Rukinga and into a neighboring ranch.

As we followed their tracks in the sand we came across their lunch break camp which was very recent, and showed evidence of bush-meat having been eaten – a small team of poachers. The tracks kept getting fresher and clearer until an hour and half later we knew we where very close. At that time and knowing that the poachers would be armed I ordered our Wildlife Works Rangers team to pull back and I alerted Kenya Wildlife Services (KWS).

A team of three tough and very skilled Somali bush-men had been elephant poaching heavily in the area since September last year and had managed to elude quite an intensive air and ground operations between KWS and Wildlife Works Rangers since then. We all hoped that we had found them again. KWS Armed response unit, headed by Corporal Jele, were based at 6.0, our new Rangers post and they immediately came to us. Previous response times had been up to five hours. I gave KWS our best tracker Mohammed Bakula to show them to where the poachers where resting.

Within 10 minutes KWS had found them, and opened fire immediately. The Bushmen fled without returning fire, leaving behind crucial evidence. We reunited with KWS and went to where the poachers had run from. They had left six elephant tusks – four big ones from old kills, and two non matching pairs from much younger elephants which where three or four days old. This confirmed our fears that there had been more elephants slaughtered very recently and very close to us. By now it was nightfall. We made a plan for the following day for KWS to continue pursuing the Poachers and that Wildlife Works Rangers would backtrack their footprints in the hope that it would lead us to the elephant carcasses.

At daybreak having spent the night at Makaramba we split up. Our eight Rangers and I backtracked the poachers’ tracks, which where still very clear, to their camp in thick bush near a dam on Rukinga. It was evident from their tracks that they had spent considerable time there. Bones from animals, a discarded torch and many tracks around the dam where they had collected water confirmed that this was their base camp. They had used it for three to four days.

I decided to split the rangers up into three smaller teams, one going North, one going South and one going East from the Poachers Base Camp. This would I hoped find the elephant carcasses quickly. At 2.30 pm one team called in to say that they had come across a dead female elephant – we quickly came together and within 10 metres of the first carcass we found the other two butchered elephants.

One of the Slaughtered Elephants was not even four years old. The carcasses showed evidence of AK47 destruction: multiple bullet wounds to the heads.

12 Cartridges were found on the ground, confirming the type of weapon used in their slaughter.

The following day, KWS called into say that they had found another four freshly killed elephant tusks discarded on the poachers trail. This confirmed the three elephants killed, and gave us some conciliation to know that the poachers had not got away with any of the ivory. Their mission had not been successful.

Ivory poaching in the area has seen an incredible increase in the last six months. We will catch this team of poachers soon and put a stop to their slaughtering.

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About Wildlife Works Carbon:

Wildlife Works is the world’s leading REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation), project development and management company with an effective approach to applying innovative market based solutions to the conservation of biodiversity. REDD+ was originated by the United Nations (UN) to help stop the destruction of the world’s forests.

Over a 15 year history Wildlife Works established a successful model that uses the emerging marketplace for REDD+ Carbon Offsets to protect threatened forests, wildlife, and communities.

The company helps local landowners in the developing world monetize their forest and biodiversity assets whether they are governments, communities, ownership groups, or private individuals.


Protecting + Forests + Wildlife + Community since 1997.

Wildlife Works is the world's leading REDD+ (Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Degradation), project development and management company with an effective approach to applying innovative market based solutions to the conservation of biodiversity. REDD+ was originated by the United Nations (UN) to help stop the destruction of the world's forests.